In the area of study of geography, the term “solstice” to. One of the two times a year, the sun is farthest from the celestial equator Although this definition is quite correct, there is much more to know about this astronomical event – what is defined here. Did you know that in December solstice (known as the “winter solstice” in the United States), which marks the beginning of winter in the northern hemisphere, in fact marks the beginning of the summer the southern hemisphere?
Few people are aware of all these facts solstice, which has resulted in widespread myths about this phenomenon. To understand what this means winter solstice and how it happens, you get a good understanding of some basic facts about the sun and the earth.
Winter Solstice explained
Factors behind the emergence of the winter solstice is the orbit of the Earth around the sun and its rotation around its axis, which is inclined at 23.5 degrees – both contribute to the apparent position Sun in the sky. Interestingly, these are also the factors behind the different seasons for the planet. Following the revolution and the rotation of the earth, the sun is directly above the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn twice a year. This journey of the sun can be traced from the equator and the Tropic of Cancer at 23.5 degrees north latitude to the equator and south of the Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5 degrees south over a period of year. If its extreme northern and southern parts, the sun seems to have stopped a moment before resuming their journey. This time, when the sun was still enough overhead the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, known as the summer solstice.
In fact, the term solstice a combination of two Latin words sol thus obtained is still sunny and city views. Similarly, when the sun is right on the equator, it is designated as day and night are equal. Due to the pivotal axis of the earth, the experience of dark areas near the South Pole for 24 hours per day, when the sun is to its north. Similarly, when the sun is at its southernmost, areas near the North Pole experience darkness for 24 hours a day.