Coriolis effect is the apparent curvature of ocean currents, wind, and all that moves along or on the earth’s surface. It is caused by the rotation of the earth. Although a very important concept in physics and geography Coriolis effect is often misunderstood. A manifestation of what people think the phenomenon is responsible for the water swirls down the drain in a certain direction in the Northern Hemisphere and in a different direction in the southern hemisphere. It is not true, because the effect has nothing to do with the water swirling down the drain. It is a consequence of the shape of the drain.
What is the Coriolis Effect?
Coriolis effect is described as the tendency of a moving object on or above the earth’s surface, laterally deviate from its normal, due to the Earth’s rotation. Deflection is to the left in the southern hemisphere, while in the northern hemisphere, it is to the right side of normal movement. Gaspard Coriolis, a French engineer, discovered this phenomenon also come up with mathematical formulas to explain.
The surface to rotate the set of poles, while the rotational speed is at a maximum along the equator. This is why moving objects lead farther from the equator to the east, while the tendency to slide ever closer to the equator in the west. Any movement or above the earth’s surface, such as water flow of air, air artillery also fired or marine currents are subject to the Coriolis effect.