Going by the definition of a good technical winter solstice, it is possible to determine the exact time of the incident, correct to the nearest minute. 20. June 2012, for example, there will be fewer clock 11:09 h UT. In colloquial sense, but the term used for the day of the summer solstice takes place, ie 20/06/2012 06/21/2013, 21/06/2014, etc.
Remains the term “solstice” is a combination of Latin words “sol” meaning “sun” and “stitium” meaning “derived.” While people celebrate the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere in June, people celebrate in the southern hemisphere in December. (Although it is known to mark the beginning of the summer, in most cultures, in some points of the height of the summer.)
Whether in the northern hemisphere or the southern hemisphere, labeled regardless of the date of this astronomical event the longest day of the year for each hemisphere. The days are shorter, until we arrive at the winter solstice in December, passing the shortest day of the year.
In the case of the June solstice, the sun stays above the horizon for 24 hours in all regions beyond the Arctic Circle, this phenomenon is called “Midnight Sun” and in the region, it is considered as the experience called “Land of the Midnight Sun.” These places midnight sun can be experienced north of Alaska, the northernmost parts of Canada, Norway, Sweden and Finland, and a large part of Greenland.
The summer solstice celebrated differ from one region of the world to another, with different cultures celebrate in a special way. Some lighting fires and dance to greet the sun, while keeping a campfire atmosphere of the city. Similarly, some people worship the god of light, and some celebrate the marriage of heaven and earth.
The fire seems to have a special place in festivals celebrations people lit the fire and stay up all night to greet the sun. In some cultures, it is believed that this fire to ward off evil spirits, and in some, it seems that you wish to whisper a stone and threw it into a bonfire solstice truth.
As you can see, the relevance of the summer solstice is not limited to the field of astronomy, but goes much further. In mythology, folklore and culture, even those who are not familiar with the science of the solstice is aware of Stonehenge, an ancient monument which is believed to have been built in accordance with line solstice, which bring thousands of people to greet the sun.